Women’s Rights and Access to Justice

Access to justice is critical to the full enjoyment of women’s human rights and to effectively address gender discrimination struggles that they experience in all spheres of life. In the absence of access to justice, people and particularly women, are unable to have their voice heard, exercise their rights, challenge discrimination or hold decision–makers accountable. In the spirit of enforcing Rule of law as the foundation for both justice and security, Uganda had signed and ratified a number of international and regional frameworks to promote and protect women’s rights. Uganda is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, also known as the Maputo Protocol among others which guarantee comprehensive rights to women.

Strategic Objective 1: Advocate for the implementation, reform and enactment of laws, Policies, programmes and Regulations for the promotion and protection of women’s human rights

In spite of the progressive legal and institutional framework, women in Uganda still live under the yoke of oppression and exploitation. While some laws exist, they are not effectively enforced. While institutions are in place, they are not well equipped and facilitated to implement the legal and policy provisions for the elimination of discrimination against women, protection of the rights of women and the attainment of gender equality.

Strategic Objective 2: To reduce social tolerance to VAW/G and GBV and influence promotion and protection of women’s reproductive health rights

Unequal power relations means that millions of women and girls worldwide are denied their human rights. Gender Based Violence both reflects and reinforces inequities between men and women and compromises the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims. Specifically, violence against women is inextricably linked to gender–based inequalities. When women and girls are expected to be generally subservient, their behavior in relation to their health, including reproductive health, is negatively affected at all stages of the life cycle. Reproductive health encompasses a gender perspective because it has different implications for a woman or a girl than for a man or boy.